Anatomy and Physiology:
The language components of our brain are housed in the left hemisphere. Broca's area deals with an individual's ability to express language, while Wernicke's area deals with receptive language. Damage to either of these two areas, most likely from a stroke or head injury, can impact someone's capability to express and understand language.
What happens to the brain?
Brain cells require oxygen to stay alive and functioning. In a healthy brain, blood transports oxygen and nutrients to the cells. If blood is unable to reach the brain due to a blockage or a rupture of a blood vessel, brain cells can die. If these brain cells are located within Broca's area or Wernicke's area, aphasia may occur.
Each is set up to assist individuals within the medical setting but they are two very different programs.
- Medicaid is income based and can cover children under 19, adults over 65, pregnant women, and individuals who are blind, disabled, or in a nursing home. Medicaid is also a state governed program.
- Medicare is a federal governed program and is set up to assist adults over age 65, and those who are permanently disabled and cannot work.