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Perspectives-Enduring Questions (P-EQ)

These courses present breadth in liberal studies. Each one explores one or more Enduring Question(s), and through this, introduces you to one of the eight Perspectives.


These required eight courses serve as an introduction to eight areas: history, literature, mathematics, the natural sciences, the social sciences, philosophy, religious studies, and the visual and performing arts. In each course you will come to know the distinctive content and problems investigated in that area, how scholars in that discipline think and know things, and the multiple perspectives that exist even within that discipline. Taking all eight of the courses will show you the diverse perspectives that exist across disciplines and invites you to contrast the different ways that the disciplines ask, explore and answer questions.

Enduring Questions

Enduring or 'messy' Questions have no obvious answer and have been asked and answered in various ways for millennia. These sorts of questions are threaded throughout these courses (and the rest of your academic learning experience at Nazareth!), allowing you to engage in sustained scholarly discussions regarding the specific questions, the answers that people have given to them, and the critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of these answers. For example:

  • What is happiness? Is it about the acquisition of material wealth? The cultivation of friendships? The striving for excellence? What have people thought? Let's look at what people say! Let's see whether what they have said makes sense.
  • How important is freedom for artistic creativity? Can art truly be 'art' if it is created to serve political or religious purposes? Renaissance artists produced great works of art, but many of them did so in a patronage system. Should this affect how we think of these works?
  • What is it to know something? Is how I know that the sun will rise tomorrow different from how I know that 2 + 2 = 4? If so, what is this difference? And how is knowing something different from being wise? What do mathematicians say about this? How about scientists? Is there something to learn from poets and philosophers here too?

Click here for a fuller list of enduring questions explored in our P-EQ courses.

In Perspectives-Enduring Questions (P-EQ) courses you will develop the facility to reason effectively, incorporating foundational skills in writing, reading, listening, speaking, and logical, mathematical and scientific reasoning. You will practice higher-order capabilities in analysis, integration, and application of arguments and information across the disciplines.

P-EQ courses also make use of writing-to-learn strategies and have significant global and cultural content. In each course you will archive an Enduring Questions Artifact and Reflection in P@N.

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